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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Before you submit your manuscript to the journal, you need to take into consideration some important aspects of authorship listed below:
  • Ensure that all the authors mentioned in the manuscript have agreed for authorship, read and approved the manuscript, and given consent for submission and subsequent publication of the manuscript.
  • The order of authorship must be agreed by all named authors prior to submission.
  • Full names, institutional affiliations, highest degree obtained by the authors, e-mail address (in some cases, ORCiD ID and social media handles - Facebook, Twitter, or LinkedIn) need to be clearly mentioned on the title page.
  • The corresponding author, who takes full ownership for all the communication related to the manuscript, should be designated and his/her detailed institutional affiliation (including the postal address, telephone number, and e-mail address) should be provided.
  • The corresponding author shall be responsible for the integrity of the manuscript, and would communicate with the journal if any clarifications related to the manuscript are required.
  • If the manuscript includes field work authors must provide the name of the ethical approval committee/Institutional Review Board they have obtained consent from along with approval number/ID.
  • Ensure the manuscript in part or in full has not been submitted or published anywhere.
  • The manuscript will not be submitted elsewhere until the editorial process is completed.
  • If any part of the manuscript contains previously published content, authors should submit a statement of permission to reproduce the material signed by the author(s) and publishers concerned.
  • Authors should declare any previous/pending publication of the manuscript’s content in any conference proceedings/letters to journals/brief communications, or as pre-prints on repositories like ResearchGate, SSRN etc.
  • Authors should ensure that if the manuscript’s Abstract has been published in any conferences, it is either not under a copyright or that the embargo period is over.
  • If the Abstract is under copyright protection from the publishers, permission should be sought for re-using the material.
  • In case the manuscript is a secondary publication i.e. it is a subsequent republication that will be published in two or more journals (in the same or another language), the authors should explicitly declare this.
  • If the manuscript is based on a dataset that has been the basis of another manuscript, authors should maintain transparency in such cases.
  • They should declare that by referencing previously published article in the manuscript.

Author Guidelines

All manuscripts should confirm to the following details:

  • Title and Authorship: Title of the manuscript and full name of author(s), affiliation, and brief author(s) bio to be written on a separate page. Where the manuscript has two or more authors, please indicate the corresponding author and his/her email address.
  • Abstract: The manuscript must have an abstract not exceeding 300 words.
  • Keywords: The manuscript shall indicate at least 3 keywords.
  • Length: Length of the manuscript must be between 8,000-10,000 words, including footnotes. Tables and graphs should be separately attached in MS Excel. Case study analyses should be between 1,500-3,000 words. Book reviews should be between 500-2000 words. Commentaries should not exceed 3,000 words.
  • Format: The manuscript must be written in Times New Roman, font 12, single spaced and aligned. Footnotes should be written in Times New Roman, font 10. Quotes should be italicized, written in Times New Roman, font 10. Use UK English.
  • References: References must be in APA reference style (that is intext referencing of author, date and page). All references should be carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. At the end of the manuscript a bibliography list in alphabetical order should be supplied.

These declarations must be made before the bibliography section

  • Authors’ contribution: The individual contributions of authors to the research work and writing of the manuscript should be specified.
  • Acknowledgments: Anyone who does not meet the authorship criteria, such as people who gave feedback on the manuscript, or provided general support should be acknowledged.  If the authors have no one to acknowledge, indicate “Not applicable.”  
  • Funding: All sources of funding for the research work and their role (if at all) in the design of the study and collection, analysis, interpretation of data, and in writing the manuscript should be declared. Provide the name(s) of the funding agency/agencies along with the grant number(s). If the study did not receive any funding, report the same.
  • Competing interests/conflict of interest: All financial and non-financial competing interests must be declared by the authors. Non-financial competing interests include a declaration of political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, and intellectual competing interests.
  • Submission: Paper to be submitted in MS Word format to latif@uonbi.ac.ke



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