Evaluation of Three Tropical Starches as Superdisintegrants in Fast Dissolving Tablets of Domperidone Using a Taguchi-Based Design of Experiments
A Taguchi-based design of experiments was employed to optimize fast-dissolving tablet
formulations of domperidone using three starches from banana (Musa acuminata),
cassava (Manihot esculenta) and Chinese yam (Dioscorea rotundata). The starches were
modified by carboxymethylation (degree of substitution 0.32±0.02) and used as
superdisintegrants (2–8%w/w), in comparison to sodium starch glycolate (SSG).
Effects of two variables (superdisintegrant type and superdisintegrant concentration)
at four levels on crushing strength-friability ratio (CSFR), disintegration time (DT)
and dissolution time to 80% drug release (t80) were analyzed. Domperidone tablets
containing carboxymethylated starches had higher CSFR values (p<0.05) than SSG
while DT and t80 decreased with concentration. Taguchi’s delta values and analysis of
variance showed that superdisintegrant type had greater influence on CSFR and t80
while superdisintegrant concentration had greater influence on DT. Optimum fastdissolving
domperidone tablets were obtained using 2% w/w Chinese yam starch
(CSFR= 251.25±16.32) and 8% w/w SSG (DT = 0.42±0.03 min; t80 = 0.50±0.02 min).