Journal of Sustainability, Environment and Peace <p><em>Journal Of Sustainability, Environment and Peace</em> (JSEP) is an international, scholarly, trans-disciplinary, peer-reviewed and open access journal of sustainability of humans in the context of the environment, economics, society, governance, culture and peace (e-ISSN: 2663-4627, and &nbsp;CODEN: being processed). &nbsp;<em>JSEP</em> provides a platform for research communication of original, innovative works and reviews aimed at sustainability and sustainable development. It is published quarterly online by <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Wangari Maathai Institute for Peace and Environmental Studies</a>. Several professions in Africa and beyond are being contacted to be affiliated with <em>JSEP</em> and their members will receive discounts on the article processing charge.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>This journal is licensed under the Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 license (Attribution). Readers can use, re-use, distribute or copy material published in this journal as long as they give appropriate credit. No special permission is required to reuse all or part of articles published by this journal.</p> (Editor in Chief) (Editorial Support) Thu, 02 Jun 2022 08:27:02 +0000 OJS 60 Recreational green spaces as the future for sustainable cities: Case of Karura Forest in Nairobi, Kenya <p>Urban areas have been experiencing unprecedented growth since the beginning of the 20th century. Rapid urbanization is likely to present various challenges relating to human health, food security, water and energy needs, aesthetic and recreational spaces. Thus, the United Nations Agenda 2030 premised on economic, social and environmental sustainability may not be realized. This paper focuses on the recreational facilities in Karura Forest located in the peri-urban area of Nairobi City. It uses both quantitative and qualitative research design. In-depth literature review was used to enrich research findings. Data was collected from a selected sample of 1150 Nairobi residents. It provides an inventory of recreational facilities and examines the contribution open and green spaces make to the residents. The preferences of these residents to visit the facilities are also documented. The study found out that about 77.6% of the visitors came from nearby high-income areas of Muthaiga, Nyari, Rosslyn, Peponi and Runda, about 21.4% came from middle-income areas of Parklands, Mlolongo, Athi River and Langata while only a paltry 1% came from the low-income areas of Kangemi, Ngara, Huruma and DeepSea slums. Most of the visitors were between 14 and 52 years of age. Findings are expected to inform policy and future urban planning for green spaces and their recreational value. To ensure sustainable development in the future, there is need to preserve the existing open and recreational green facilities in Nairobi. Both the County and National Governments should formulate and implement the Sustainable Kenyan Cities Policy to preserve open and green spaces in the rapidly growing urban areas of the country.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Parita Sureshchandra Shah, Evaristus Irandu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 02 Jun 2022 08:27:55 +0000 Managing geothermal project implementation conflicts through mediation: A case of Olkaria IV Project, Nakuru county, Kenya <p>Geothermal energy installations generate conflicts that escalate when improperly managed. Studies from outside Kenya have demonstrated application of mediation in managing conflicts over natural resources. However, its efficacy has not been adequately covered in Kenya. This study used the case of mediation between project affected persons (PAPs) and the developers of Olkaria IV energy project to document the process, to assess its role in resolving conflicts that emanated from the implementation of the project. A PAPs’ household heads survey, focus group discussions (FGDs), and key informant interviews (KII) were conducted. Primary data was collected on pre-mediation preparations; mediation attributes, post-mediation buy-in and endorsements and the sequel of mediation. Secondary data was obtained from documents available in the mediation archive. The protagonists, that is, the Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen) and PAPs agreed to use mediation to resolve their conflicts. The mediation neutralized conflicts between KenGen and the PAPs, mended relationships between them, improved PAPs’ livelihoods and smoothened project operations. The community representatives, selected by themselves, regularly reported back and held consultation with the larger community. This promoted acceptability of the results and is here presented as a good practice, in addition to having competent mediators with good listening and probing skills. Further, inclusion of women and youth in the mediation exercise combined with freedom of expression during the mediation clinics, ensured that the weaker gender’s voice was heard and its input incorporated in the agreement. In spite of the above, there is a need for greater democratization for the PAPs representation, and a more comprehensive documentation of the process. The last two provide opportunity for copying this case for an improved mediation process. Finally, it is recommended that policies be formulated to provide for use of mediations as an alternative dispute resolution mechanism, in future project developmental conflicts in Kenya.</p> Lilian Namuma S. Kong'ani, Raphael G. Wahome, Thuita Thenya ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 08 Jun 2022 11:27:09 +0000